The Board of Education of the
Therefore, it is the policy of the District to prohibit bullying and harassment on District property, district transportation, and at school-sponsored events and functions. Acts of bullying and harassment are prohibited, whether they are committed directly or indirectly, in person (face-to-face), or remotely by use of electronic technology, either on school property, at a school function, on a school or coach bus, or off school property where there is a sufficient nexus to the school environment.
“Bullying” and “Harassment”:
“Electronic communication” means a communication transmitted by means of an electronic device including, but not limited to: a telephone, cellular phone, computer, laptop, pager, or other hand-held device, communications transmitted through email, text message, instant message, voicemail, social networking sites, webpage, video, blogs and twitter.
In order for the Board to effectively enforce this policy and to take prompt corrective measures when the policy is violated, it is essential that all victims and persons with knowledge of bullying, harassment, or similar behavior report it immediately to District administrative staff.
The District will promptly investigate all complaints, whether informal or formal, verbal or written. Complaints will be treated confidentially to the extent possible, but limited disclosure may be required to complete a thorough investigation. If, after investigation, the district finds that there has been a violation of this policy, prompt corrective action will be taken.
Any person having reasonable cause to suspect that a student has been subjected to bullying or harassment and who, acting in good faith, either reports such information to school officials, to the Commissioner, or to law enforcement authorities, or otherwise participates in the proceedings related to such bullying or harassments, shall have immunity from any civil liability arising from making such report or participating in the related investigation.
Retaliation for reporting incidents of bullying or harassment or for participation in a related investigation constitutes a violation of this policy. False reports or retaliation against the alleged bully or harasser also constitutes a violation of this policy. Acts of retaliation should be reported to the Administration. The District will investigate such reports and if, after investigation, the District finds that there has been a violation of this policy, prompt corrective action will be taken.
The Superintendent of Schools shall implement regulations for reporting, investigating and addressing allegations of harassment and discrimination.
The Board recognizes that the effective implementation of this policy requires that it be part of a District-wide educational program which shall include elements of prevention, intervention and consequences.
Prevention will include:
(1) training for administrators and staff to increase awareness of the prevalence, causes, and consequences of bullying and harassment, and sharing strategies for preventing such behavior;
(2) promoting student involvement in anti-bullying and anti-harassment efforts, peer support, mutual respect, and creating a culture which encourages students to report incidents of bullying and harassment, or similar behavior to an adult; and
(3) collaborating with families and the community to inform parents about the prevalence, causes, and consequences of bullying and harassment.
Intervention will include:
(1) training for school staff on how to respond appropriately to students who engage in bullying or harassing behavior, are victims of such behavior, and/or are bystanders who report such behavior;
(2) remedial measures designed to correct the bullying or harassing behavior, prevent another occurrence, and protect the victim;
(3) development of nondiscriminatory instructional and counseling methods; and
(4) thorough training for at least one staff member at every school to handle human relations in the areas of race, color, weight, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, physical or mental ability or disability, sexual orientation, gender, sex, marital status, gender identity, socio-economic status, and familial status. This staff member’s contact information will be included in student registration materials, student, parent, and employee handbooks, and other appropriate school publications, and will be distributed to students and staff annually at the beginning of the school year.
Consequences may include:
(1) discipline, including, but not limited to, suspensions and expulsions consistent with the Student Code of conduct and all rights under law and other applicable agreements; and
(2) recognition for positive behavior exhibited by students who take an active role in addressing prohibited behaviors.
This policy shall be posted in a prominent place in each district facility, shall also be included in the Code of Conduct in plain language, student registration materials, student, parent and employee handbooks, and other appropriate school publications, and distributed to students and staff annually at the beginning of the school year. A summary of this policy shall be included as part of the District’s summary of the code of conduct.
Cross Ref: Code of Conduct 5300
References: Dignity for All Students Act, Education Law §§ 10-18
Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. section 12101 et seq.
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. section 2000d et seq.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. section 1681 et seq.
20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.
Section 504, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. section 794
IDEA, 20 U.S.C. section 1400 et seq.
Education Law, Article 2
Executive Law section 290 et seq.
Executive Law sections 313(3), 3201, 3201-a
U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, dear Colleague Letter,
This regulation sets forth detailed guidelines for reporting, investigating and remedying allegations of harassment, hazing and bullying that infringe upon the dignity of students.
Examples of School-related conduct that the District considers unacceptable and which may constitute harassment, hazing and bullying includes, but is not limited to, the following:
1. Verbal and/or physical threats or abuse;
2. Unwanted physical contact such as intentional pushing/shoving/bumping;
3. Ridicule, slurs, rumors, jokes, demeaning comments, drawing cartoons, pranks, gestures,
5. Destruction of property;
7. Unwanted/unwarranted comments, advances and/or suggestions of a sexual nature; and
8. Use of electronic technologies and/or communications to harass, bully or haze;
that has the effect of substantially interfering with a student’s education or reasonably causes, or would be expected to cause, a person to fear for his or her personal safety.
Any victim or person with knowledge of harassment, hazing and/or bullying by a student, District employee or third party related to the school should report the complaint to the Building Principal or the Assistant Superintendent as soon as possible after the incident so that it may be effectively investigated and resolved.
In order to assist investigators, individuals should document the harassment, hazing, bullying as soon as it occurs and with as much detail as possible, including: the nature of the incident(s); dates, times, places it has occurred; name of perpetrator(s); witnesses to the incident(s); and the victim's response to the incident.
It is District policy to respect the privacy of all parties and witnesses to complaints of harassment, hazing and/or bullying. To the extent possible, the District will not release the details of a complaint or the identity of the complainant or the individual(s) against whom the complaint is filed to any third parties who do not need to know such information and/or to the extent necessary to complete a thorough investigation. However, because an individual's need for confidentiality must be balanced with the District's legal obligation to provide due process to the accused, to conduct a thorough investigation and/or to take necessary action to resolve the complaint, the District retains the right to disclose the identity of parties and witnesses to complaints in appropriate circumstances to individuals.
If a complainant requests that his/her name not be revealed to the individual(s) against whom a complaint is filed, the staff member responsible for conducting the investigation shall inform the complainant that:
1. The request may limit the District's ability to respond to his/her complaint;
2. District policy and federal law prohibit retaliation against complainants and witnesses;
3. The District will attempt to prevent any retaliation; and
4. The District will take strong responsive action if retaliation occurs.
If the complainant still requests confidentiality after being given the notice above, the investigator will take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the complaint consistent with the request, to the extent possible, as long as doing so does not preclude the District from responding effectively to the harassment and preventing the harassment of other students or employees; however, disclosure may be required to complete a thorough investigation.
It is essential that students who believe they have been subjected to bullying or harassment report each incident to the principal, assistant principal, administrative assistant or other administrator in the school they attend. Should any of these persons by the person alleged of bullying or harassment, the report will be made to the Director or Administrative Assistant for Special Education and PPS. Incidents of bullying or harassment may be reported informally or through the filing of a formal complaint.
A. Initial (Building-level) Procedure
Whenever a written or verbal complaint of harassment, hazing and/or bullying is received it will be subject to a preliminary review and investigation. Except in the case of severe or criminal conduct, the Building Principal or his or her Designee should make all reasonable efforts to resolve complaints informally at the school level. The goal of informal procedures is to end the harassment, hazing and/or bullying and obtain a prompt and equitable resolution to a complaint.
As soon as possible, but no later than five school days following receipt of a written or verbal complaint, the Building Principal or his or her Designee should begin an investigation of the complaint by:
Parents of student victims and accused students should be notified within one school day of allegations that involve repeated conduct.
Where appropriate, informal methods may be used to resolve the complaint, including but not limited to:
Appropriate disciplinary action shall be recommended and imposed in accordance with District policy, the applicable collective bargaining agreement and/or federal and state law.
The Building Principal or his or her Designee shall report back to both the victim and the accused within tens school days, notifying them in writing regarding the outcome of the investigation and the action taken to resolve the complaint. The victim shall report immediately to the Building Principal or his or her Designee if the objectionable behavior occurs again or if the alleged perpetrator retaliates against him/her.
Where the Building Principal or his or her Designee has a reasonable suspicion that the alleged harassment, hazing or bullying incident involves criminal activity, he/she should immediately notify the Superintendent or his or her Designee.
Any party who is not satisfied with the outcome of the initial investigation by the Building Principal or the Designee may request a District-level investigation by submitting a written complaint to the Superintendent within ten school days.
B. District-level Procedure
The Superintendent or his/her Designee shall promptly investigate and take all appropriate and reasonable steps to resolve all harassment, hazing and bullying complaints that are referred to him/her, as well as those appealed to the Superintendent following an initial investigation by a Building Principal or his or her Designee. In the event the complaint involves the Superintendent, the complaint shall be filed with or referred to the Board President, who shall refer the complaint to an impartial individual appointed for purposes of conducting such investigation.
The District level investigation should begin as soon as possible but not later than five school days following receipt of the complaint by the Superintendent or Board President.
In conducting the formal District level investigation, the District may endeavor to use individuals who have received formal training regarding such investigations or that have previous experience investigating such complaints.
If a District investigation results in a determination that harassment, hazing or bullying did occur, prompt corrective action will be taken to end the misbehavior. Where appropriate, District investigators may suggest mediation as a means of exploring options of corrective action and informally resolving the complaint.
No later than fifteen school days following receipt of the complaint, the Superintendent (or in cases involving the Superintendent, the Board-appointed investigator) will notify the victim and alleged perpetrator, in writing, of the outcome of the investigation. If additional time is needed to complete the investigation or take appropriate action, the Superintendent or Board-appointed investigator will provide all parties with a written status report within fifteen school days following receipt of the complaint.
Any act of retaliation against any person who opposes any harassing behavior, or who has filed a complaint, is prohibited and illegal, and therefore subject to disciplinary action. Likewise, retaliation against any person who has testified assisted or participated in any manner in an investigation, proceeding or hearing of any harassment complaint is prohibited. For purposes of this policy, retaliation includes but is not limited to: verbal or physical threats, intimidation, ridicule, bribes, destruction of property, spreading rumors, stalking, harassing phone calls and any other form of harassment. Any person who retaliates is subject to immediate disciplinary action, up to and including suspension or termination.
Any individual who violates this policy by engaging in prohibited harassment, hazing or bullying will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action. Disciplinary measures available to school authorities include, but are not limited to the following:
Students: Discipline may range from a reprimand, up to and including suspension from school, to be imposed consistent with the student conduct and discipline policy and applicable law.
Employees: Discipline may range from a warning, up to and including termination, to be imposed consistent with all applicable contractual and statutory rights.
Volunteers: Penalties may range from a warning, up to and including loss of volunteer assignment.
Vendors: Penalties may range from a warning, up to and including loss of District business.
Other individuals: Penalties may range from a warning, up to and including denial of future access to school property.
All students and employees shall be informed of this policy each September and in student and employee handbooks and student registration materials.
All employees shall receive information about this policy and regulation at least once a year. Administrative employees who have specific responsibilities for investigating and resolving complaints of harassment, hazing and bullying shall receive training on this policy, regulation and related legal developments.
Principals in each school shall be responsible for informing students and staff on a yearly basis of the terms of this policy, including the procedures for filing a complaint and the impact of harassment, hazing and bullying on the victim and the bystander.